Difference Between NBFC and Bank: A Financial Comparison

Have you ever wondered about the difference between NBFC and a bank? While both are financial entities, they have distinct characteristics and functions. In this article, we’ll simplify the comparison between NBFC and bank in easy-to-understand terms, helping you grasp their key differences and roles in the financial world.

You can check & download the list of NBFC companies list from here RBI website

NBFC and Bank Table:

DepositsCannot accept deposits from customersCan accept deposits from customers
FundingRelies on borrowing or issuing debt instrumentsRelies on customer deposits
ServicesSpecializes in specific financial activities like lending, housing finance, etc.Offers a wide range of services like checking accounts, loans, credit cards, etc.
RegulationSubject to regulations but operates with more flexibilityClosely regulated by central banks and regulatory bodies
Risk ProfileMay have a higher risk profile due to reliance on external fundingGenerally considered more stable due to customer deposits
Full-FormNon-Banking Financial Company (NBFC)Bank (any general Bank)
NBFC and Bank comparison

NBFC Explained: (Non-Banking Financial Company)

A Non-Banking Financial Company (NBFC) is a financial institution that provides various financial services, just like a bank. However, there are a few important distinctions to note.

NBFCs don’t hold a banking license, which means they cannot accept deposits like banks. Instead, they rely on other sources of funding, such as borrowing from banks or issuing debt instruments.

Bank Explained:

A bank, on the other hand, is a financial institution that holds a banking license. This license grants them the ability to accept deposits from individuals and businesses. Banks use these deposits to provide loans, mortgages, and other banking services. They act as custodians of people’s money and play a crucial role in facilitating financial transactions.

Key Differences:

  1. Deposit-Taking Capability: Banks can accept deposits from customers, while NBFCs cannot. This difference affects the level of risk and trust associated with each entity.
  2. Regulatory Oversight: Banks are closely regulated by central banks and other regulatory bodies to ensure stability and safeguard customer interests.
    NBFCs have their own set of regulations, but they operate with more flexibility.
  3. Services Offered: Banks offer a wide range of services, including checking and savings accounts, loans, credit cards, and more. NBFCs, on the other hand, specialize in specific financial services like consumer lending, housing finance, microfinance, or leasing.
  4. Risk Profiles: Since NBFCs rely on external sources for funding, they may have a higher risk profile compared to banks. Banks, with their deposit base, have a more stable source of funds.

Examples of NBFC and Bank:

  1. Deposits:
    • NBFC Example: A consumer finance company that offers personal loans to individuals but does not accept deposits from customers.
    • Bank Example: A retail bank where individuals can open savings accounts and deposit their money for safekeeping.
  2. Funding:
    • NBFC Example: A leasing company that borrows funds from banks or issues bonds to finance its operations.
    • Bank Example: A bank that uses the deposits it receives from customers to provide loans and other financial services.
  3. Services:
    • NBFC Example: A microfinance institution that specializes in providing small loans to underprivileged individuals to start their own businesses.
    • Bank Example: A commercial bank that offers a range of services such as checking accounts, mortgage loans, credit cards, and investment products.
  4. Regulatory Oversight:
    • NBFC Example: A non-banking housing finance company that follows regulations set by the National Housing Bank but has more flexibility in its operations compared to banks.
    • Bank Example: A commercial bank that is subject to strict regulations imposed by the central bank, including capital requirements, reserve ratios, and lending guidelines.
  5. Risk Profile:
    • NBFC Example: A peer-to-peer lending platform that connects borrowers and lenders but carries a higher risk due to the possibility of default by borrowers.
    • Bank Example: A commercial bank with a stable source of funds from customer deposits, which reduces the risk of liquidity shortages.

Bonus Points:

  1. Technological Advancements: How NBFCs and banks leverage technology to enhance services and customer experience.
  2. NBFCs and Specialized Financial Activities: Exploring the role of NBFCs in specialized sectors like microfinance, housing finance, leasing, etc.
  3. Impact of NBFC-Bank Collaboration: Analyzing the synergies and collaborations between NBFCs and banks to address financial inclusion and expand services.
  4. Digital Disruption: Discussing the rise of digital banking and the emergence of digital NBFCs, highlighting their unique offerings.
  5. Role in Economic Development: Exploring the contributions of NBFCs and banks in fostering economic growth, job creation, and financial stability.


In summary, the difference between NBFC and bank boils down to their deposit-taking capability, regulatory oversight, services offered, and risk profiles. While banks can accept deposits and provide a broader range of services, NBFCs specialize in specific financial activities and rely on alternative sources of funding.

Understanding these distinctions will help you make informed financial decisions and choose the right financial institution based on your needs.

Remember, banks are known for their deposit-taking capabilities, while NBFCs offer specialized financial services. Both play important roles in the financial ecosystem and contribute to the overall functioning of the economy.

Whether you’re considering opening a bank account, applying for a loan, or seeking specialized financial services, this knowledge will empower you to make informed choices. Stay financially savvy and explore the offerings of NBFCs and banks based on your specific requirements.

If you want to learn more about finance, economics, or other intriguing topics, visit, where we simplify complex concepts for your understanding.

Note: This simplified article provides a general overview. For specific financial advice or detailed information, consult with a financial professional or refer to official regulatory guidelines.

Nikhil Mishra

I'm Nikhil Mishra an Software Engineer & writing Blog is my passion.

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